About thirty mls north of the Kansas City metropolitan area is situated the traditional city of St. Joseph, Missouri. It really is here that the life span of the Pony Express began and the life of Jesse James ended.
Also known more familiarly as St. Joe, to the local people, this town received its begin in 1826 when Joseph Robidoux, an area fur trader, set up the Blacksnake Hillsides Trading Post with the Indians. Before long, Robidoux developed a trading empire that extended as far west as the Rocky Mountains. The first postoffice in the area was housed in Robidoux’s trading post in 1840. When the Platte Purchase made his land part of the talk about of Missouri in 1837, the trading post developed into a settlement that was designed as St. Joseph on November 20,1843.
Staying relatively small, that all improved with the gold discovery in California that greatly accelerated westward migration. St. Joseph quickly became the previous resource and jumping off point prior to the many pioneers headed towards the Wild Western on the Oregon Path.
A large number of settlers appeared by steamboat, while hundreds of wagon trains lined the roads hanging around to be ferried across the Missouri River. In 1849 only, some have approximated that as much as 50,000 pioneers handed down through St. Joseph. The town quickly became a bustling outpost and hard frontier town, as covered wagons, oxen, and supplies purchased by the emigrants proven the economic basis for the city.
Additional growth arrived to the town in 1859 as the railroad pressed west to St. Joseph, further assuring its role as a syndication point for the west. St. Joseph continued to be the westernmost point in the U.S. accessible by rail until after the Civil War. Also, St. Joseph’s proximity to the Missouri River put into its phenomenal development.
In 1860, St. Joseph became the head office and introducing point for the Pony Express. The first successful Pony Exhibit run, from St. Joseph, to Sacramento, California took place on April 3, 1860, whenever a lone rider on a bay mare galloped from Pike’s Peak Stables in St. Joseph.
Before the arrival of the Pony Express, the railroads and telegraph lines lengthened no further western world than St. Joseph, and mail traveled west by stagecoach and wagons, a trip which could take months, if it arrived at all. The Pony Express alleviated this problem with riders who could dramatically reduce the timeframe it took for the mail to be sent.
The Pony Express is acknowledged with assisting to keep California in the Union by providing rapid communication between the two coasts. Media of the election of Abraham Lincoln to the United States presidency in 1860 and of the outbreak of the American Civil Conflict in 1861 reached California via the Pony Exhibit.
While the Pony Express considerably better the communication between your east and western, it was a financial disaster for its owners. Following the Pacific Telegraph Company completed its brand to San Francisco in October, 1861, the business declared individual bankruptcy and shut down down.
By 1870s, St. Joseph acquired become the inexpensive center for the building of the West, which resulted in an age group of success. Numerous businesses were situated in the location and beautiful mansions were built.
In Dec, 1881, Jesse Adam made St. Joseph his home, concealing behind the alias Tom Howard. However, life had not been to be a long and happy one for Jesse James in St. Joseph. Just three months later on Apr 3, 1882 Bob Ford shot Jesse Wayne in his home.
In 1886, the Chicago Times reported that “St. Joseph is a modern think about – a city of 60,000 inhabitants, eleven railroads, 70 passenger trains every day, 170 factories, thirteen miles of the best paved avenues, the greatest stockyards western world of Chicago, a wholesale trade as large as that of Kansas City and Omaha merged…”
In 1887, St. Joseph became the second city in america to have electric streetcars. 2 yrs later, the town hosted the New Era Exposition, hoping to be chosen as the site for a future World’s Good. A disastrous fireplace destroyed a lot of the fair, induced financial ruin because of its major backers and ended any wish of attracting a World’s Fair.
By the convert of the century, the dash to the western world was almost over but St. Joseph Missouri got already proven itself as a major livestock and inexpensive market.
Today, the location is named home to almost 77,000 residents and numerous historic attractions including several museums and numerous beautiful traditional structures and mansions.